ANR Environmental Health & Safety
University of California
ANR Environmental Health & Safety

Work Place Safety


I have heard that CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) classes will only be teaching chest compressions procedures, instead of mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing. Is this correct?


It appears that the information in the media about this topic has been somewhat confusing.  It is our understanding that the Red Cross and American Heart Association still teach standard CPR with chest compressions and rescue breathing.  In October 2010, the American Heart Association revised their guidelines for CPR to place the chest compressions first, before the rescue breathing.  The American Red Cross is reviewing these changes but has not determined whether they will revise their training program. If you have been trained in CPR, follow your training. 

You may have also heard about "Hands-Free" CPR.  This is based on research that has shown that for the untrained bystander, chest compressions only were as effective as chest compressions in combination with rescue breathing. 

For further information, visit the following web link: Medline Plus - Chest Compressions

For more information, see these links from the American Heart Association (AHA) and American Red Cross (ARC):

With proper training and practice, full CPR is still the recommended action, however in certain situations, chest compressions only can help.

Last Updated

October 18, 2010

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