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CDC situation summary and recommendations

Updated May 4, 2020

CDC Situation Summary

CDC and state public health officials are closely monitoring an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus (termed “COVID-19”) that was first detected in Wuhan, China. More than 3 million infections have been reported worldwide and WHO declared COVID-19 as a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. The CDC reports community spread in multiple states in the U.S. and is maintaining reporting about the number and spread of cases in the US. In California, a statewide stay home order has been issued and CDPH is reporting the current case statistics. For more information about the illness severity and risk assessment, review the current CDC situation summary.

CDC Recommends

Everyone can do their part to "slow the spread". This means:

  • Work from home if you can
  • If you need to work in critical infrastructure, follow practices to protect your health
  • Use drive-thru, pickup, or delivery options for eating out
  • Avoid social gatherings and discretionary travel
  • Do not visit nursing homes or long-term care facilities

As this outbreak expands in communities, the risk of infection has increased. Good hygiene practices are actions everyone can take to protect yourself and your family.

  • Everyday preventive actions include:
    • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
    • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
    • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
    • Stay home when you are sick.
    • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
    • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
    • Practice social distancing if COVID-19 is spreading in your community.
  • As of April 2, 2020, CDC and CDPH have issued new guidance regarding use of cloth face covering by the general public. CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies) especially in areas of significant community-based transmission. Many communities across California are requiring face coverings for anyone who goes out. It must be noted that the cloth face coverings recommended are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators. Those are critical supplies that must continue to be reserved for healthcare workers and other medical first responders.
  • Older people and people with severe chronic conditions should take special precautions because they are at higher risk of developing serious COVID-19 illness. CDPH further recommends that individuals over 65 years of age, those who have serious chronic medical conditions, or those who have compromised immune systems stay at home and self-isolate.

Monitor yourself for symptoms:

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness.

Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms or combinations of symptoms may have COVID-19:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

Or at least two of these symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Repeated shaking with chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • New loss of taste or smell

This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you.

See the CDC Coronavirus Self-Checker to assess your symptoms.